D&M provides a high level of care and understanding when it comes to the standard vaccinations we all need.
Diphtheria & Tetanus
What is diphtheria?
Diphtheria is a disease of the respiratory system that is spread by bacteria. The bacteria infect the airways and the throat. Diphtheria can cause complications including death in some people and therefore it is important to seek medical attention if you suspect you have diphtheria.
What is Tetanus?
Tetanus is an infection that is caused by the spores of bacteria. Tetanus causes serious symptoms and complications, particularly to the nervous system. If you suspect you have tetanus you should seek medical attention immediately.
• It is recommended that everyone is vaccinated against tetanus and diphtheria, and therefore it is not just recommended for travelers.
• Most Canadians have been vaccinated against tetanus and diphtheria in childhood. If you have not been vaccinated for tetanus and diptheria, you will require a series of 3 vaccines administered over 6 to 12 months.
• Individuals who were vaccinated previously require a single booster dose of combination vaccine for tetanus and diphtheria every 10 years.
What is polio?
Polio is a contagious disease that is spread by the poliovirus. Polio can cause crippling complications and vaccination is thereby recommended for all Canadians.
• Most Canadians are vaccinated against polio starting as infants (4 doses) and a booster is given between the ages of 4 and 6 years.
• The risk for polio still exists in Afghanistan, Nigeria, and Pakistan. If you are traveling to one of these areas, and you are 18 years of age or older, you should consider 1 booster dose before traveling.
As the polio virus is spread by food and water contaminated with feces, food and water safety recommendations should be followed. Food and water recommendations include:
• Drink bottled beverages or boiled water if you are unsure of the water sanitation in your area of travel.
• Undercooked foods, salads and raw fruits and vegetables that cannot be peeled should be avoided if there is concern they were not washed with clean drinking water.
• It is important to wash your hands regularly with soap and clean water or use a hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol.